Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery procedure popular with patients who want to remove areas of stubborn fat and smooth uneven body contours. Liposuction surgically removes fat deposits by inserting a hollow tube (cannula) into the target area and suctioning off fat tissue.

At Riga Cosmetic Surgery we use the traditional wet technique, which involves the addition of 200 to 300 cc of saline solution, plus some additives of epinephrine and lidocaine. The operation starts by injecting a solution to attain a certain firmness within the target tissues. The lidocaine deadens the nerves, while the epinephrine causes constriction of the blood vessels, which reduces blood loss. The addition of epinephrine has the added advantage of preventing the lidocaine from entering the blood stream sooner than necessary.

As this is a blind procedure, the surgeon must rely on palpating the area while passing the cannula through the tissues, in order to judge effectiveness and progress. For deeper layers of fat, larger diameter cannulas are used. For refined shaping, the surgeon will use smaller diameter cannulas that allow removal of fat in difficult sections. Instrument strokes that are transverse to the alignment of the tissues and at more than one point of entry are important for natural looking results.

What can be expected after surgery?

Since liposuction is one of the least invasive plastic surgery procedures, patients can expect rapid recovery with most swelling and bruises subsiding after about a week; residual swelling to dissipate within a few weeks thereafter.